This post originally appeared in the Richmond Register on March 25, 2019.
The Trump administration is poised to undermine seniors' access to lifesaving medications. It recently proposed a rule that would weaken patient protections within Medicare's "Part D" prescription drug benefit. Part D drug plans are required to cover all drugs in six "protected classes" of medicines. This ensures that seniors have widespread access to drugs used to treat cancer, depression, HIV, and more.
The administration wants to allow insurers to stop covering some drugs in the six protected classes. This change could result in poorer health outcomes for Medicare's most vulnerable beneficiaries -- and inflate health spending in the long-run.
Medicare Part D is unique. Instead of providing health benefits directly, the government outsources to private insurers. These insurers compete against one another to sell drug plans to beneficiaries. The government subsidizes and regulates coverage, but otherwise adopts a mostly hands-off approach.
This model has been overwhelmingly successful. Today, more than 44 million Americans utilize the program. Eight in ten seniors are satisfied with their plans.
Generous patient protections, especially the "protected classes" clause, play a big role in this high satisfaction rating.
Right now, Part D plans are required to cover "all or substantially all" anticonvulsants, antidepressants, antineoplastics, antipsychotics, antiretrovirals, and immunosuppressants. These medications treat various chronic conditions, including cancer and HIV.
This ensures that doctors can prescribe whatever medication is best for each patient. An antidepressant that works great for one beneficiary might prove ineffective for another.
The administration's proposed rule doesn't afford this flexibility. Part D plan sponsors would no longer be required to cover all drugs in the six classes. The change would take effect in 2020.
The administration says the reform would give insurers more leverage to negotiate steeper drug discounts from manufacturers. Thus, patients and taxpayers would benefit in the form of lower plan premiums.
Patient advocacy groups aren't buying it. Nine organizations -- including the National Association of Nutrition and Aging Services Programs -- warned against the change. The coalition described the protected classes as a "safety net for some of the most medically fragile" Medicare beneficiaries.
Chronic disease patients will be particularly ill-served by the reform. Seventy-five percent of American seniors battle more than one chronic condition.
To make matters worse, the rule could cost taxpayers and patients more money in the long-run. Almost nine out of every ten dollars spent on health care go towards treating chronic diseases. Reducing access to medications could "increase costs to other Medicare programs through increased hospitalizations from complications or increased physicians visits."
Building barriers to treatment harms both patients and taxpayers. This proposal is a short-sighted approach to Medicare reform.
Kenneth E. Thorpe is a professor of health policy at Emory University and chairman of the Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease.
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